There are such wonderful places all over the world, from Asia to Europe and much more…The palaces, which show the power of the owner to the friend and the enemy, are structures that have cultural value as well as this symbolic meaning. Constructed to strengthen the power of central authority, these structures also bear traces of the cultural values of the countries in which they are located. Therefore, it is necessary to visit the palaces of a country in order to understand the history of the country and to get to know the cultural values of the country. Start exploring the 15 most beautiful palaces in the world!
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1. Schönbrunn Palace (Vienna – Austria)
This palace was built by the Habsburg Dynasty, which ruled various European countries for centuries and is one of the most important historical heritage sites in Austria. The Schönbrunn Palace and its garden, one of the most beautiful palaces in Europe and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, are among the most attractive places with the country’s most important cultural monuments. The palace attracts attention with its symmetrical structure. Another remarkable part of the palace is the gardens. The sculptures in the gardens turn the palace into an open-air art gallery. With 1441 rooms, this palace is an ideal place to get to know the life of the Habsburgs, the most important family that determines the fate of Europe.
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2. Versaille Palace (Paris – France)
Located near Paris, the Palace of Versailles was used as the residence of the French king from 1682 to 1789. Versailles Palace, which was used during the reign of King Louis 14; Galerie des Glaces (Mirrors Gallery), Grand Trianon, and Petit Trianon castles. The palace has 2300 rooms spread over approximately 63,000 square meters. The palace, which was evacuated after the French Revolution, is now used as a museum. Classical music concerts are also held in the palace, where works of French history are held.
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3. Pena National Palace (Sintra – Portugal)
The Pena National Palace, which is the oldest European castle built in the style of romance, owes its architecture to King Ferdinand II in 1842. Built on a heavily damaged monastery in the Great Lisbon Earthquake of 1755 and restored with its original red and yellow colors, this palace is one of the most visited monuments in Portugal today.
Pena National Palace, which is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is located on top of the Sintra Mountains and is easily visible from Lisbon.
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4. The Alhambra Palace (Granada – Spain)
Alhambra Palace in Granada, Spain; One of the most important historical areas of the Andalusian region. Alhambra Palace, which has also been the scene of the Game of Thrones shootings, is one of the most important works of Moro culture that lived in the lands of Spain and Portugal.
The palace was originally built as a small fortress on the walls of the Roman period in 889, and it gained its original appearance during the reign of Muhammad Nasir, the Emir of Gırnata. Alhambra, which was used as a defensive structure for a long time, began to be used as a palace in 1333 during the reign of Yusuf I.
Alhambra Palace is one of the most impressive works of Islamic architecture. The design of the palace and the transitions between the parts of the palace allow travelers visiting the palace to feel themselves in 1001 Night Tales. The palace gardens and ornamental pools are quite remarkable.
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5. Buckingham Palace (London – England)
Buckingham Palace, used as the center of the United Kingdom Monarchy, is located in Westminster, a city in London. In 1761, King III. The building taken from the Duke of Buckingham by George was used as the residence of Queen Charlotte in the early periods. In 1837, the building was later transformed into the royal London residence. Some parts of the structure, which gained its present state largely in the 19th and 20th centuries, are periodically opened to the public.
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6. Mysore Palace (India)
Mysore, known as the City of Palaces, is the most famous of India’s few historical palaces. Mysore Palace, which presents a magnificent view by illuminating with more than ten thousand bulbs in Dasara Festival in September and October, was restored for the last time in 1912 after the blows it had taken one after the other and became its present form. This palace, which hosts the most visitors after the Taj Mahal, carries traces of Indian and Islamic motifs.
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7. Forbidden City (Beijing – China)
The Forbidden City, located in the center of Beijing, China, is one of the largest palaces in the world. Because of this size, the palace should be considered as complex, not as a structure. The construction of the complex was completed in 1420, and the emperor and his patron lived for nearly 500 years.
The palace, which has 8,700 rooms, is named ‘Forbidden City’ because no one can enter and leave the palace territory without the permission of the emperor. As a symbol of the emperor’s power with its size, the structure lost its importance after the Chinese Revolution. The Forbidden City was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1987 and protected. Today the building is open to the public as a museum.
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8. Winter Palace (St. Petersburg – Russia)
Winter Palace, also known as Hermitage Palace, is one of the most beautiful palaces to visit in St. Petersburg. It was built as a striking monument of Baroque style in the mid-18th century with its elegant architecture. Hermitage Palace is considered a museum because it is one of the largest art galleries in the world. The Hermitage Museum, which is one of the oldest and largest museums in the world and which contains the most collection of paintings in the Guinness Book of Records, is located within the borders of the Winter Palace.
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9. Topkapi Palace (Istanbul – Turkey)
Topkapi Palace, located in the Historic Peninsula of Istanbul and the administrative center of the Ottoman Empire in 400 years, was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985. The palace was built by Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror in 1453 after taking Constantinople, Istanbul.
The palace is known to host about 4,000 people. This number is quite high compared to other palaces in the world. There are kitchens, hospitals, and places of worship within the palace that allow this population to live. The palace, which consists of Bab-ı Hümayun (Sultanate Gate), 1st Courtyard (Alay Square), Babüsselam, Saray-ı Hümayun, and Inner Palace sections, now serves as a museum.
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10. Great Palace (Bangkok – Thailand)
This palace, one of Thailand’s most popular places, consists of halls, gazebos, and buildings that surround gardens, lawns, and courtyards instead of a single building. Even though the buildings of the Grand Palace, which is still used for official ceremonies, are closed to the public, visitors can look inside.
Particularly one of the most sacred temples, the Temple of the Emerald Buddha, originally called the Emerald Buddha, bears traces of classical Thai architecture. When you go to the Grand Palace, which has impressive temples and structures, you will understand why it is still in use by the royal.
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11. Palazzo Pitti (Florence – Italy)
Pitti Palace is a palace that is so valuable that even the Renaissance scents can be taken from afar. This is not only because of the air of Florence, of course but also with 20 museums and galleries including the Uffizi Gallery where Pitti Palace is located. Inside the Polo Museale Fiorentino, there are 250,000 works of art. Palatine Gallery, considered the mother of the galleries, is one of the most curious points of the palace with its baroque style and 28 rooms. The frequent names of those who love to research the life of Leonardo Da Vinci are of great importance in bringing Palazzo Pitti to these days.
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12. Potala Palace (Lhasa – China)
Potala Palace is located in Lhasa in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. According to historical records, the first building in the region was built during the reign of Songzanganbu, king of the Kingdom of Tubo in the 7th century. The palace consists of two parts: tile and white. Built on a hill, the palace’s local name Rutunzi means the junction of the mountains. With this beauty, the palace has entered the UNESCO World, Heritage List. In the palace where the Dalai Lama used the white part at the time, the white part was used by the religious leaders and the red one was used by the kings.
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13. Umaid Bhawan Palace (Rajasthan – India)
Built between 1928 and 1943, this large yellow sandstone palace spread over a 26-acre garden, making it one of the largest private residences in the world. Umaid Bhawan Palace, one of the most unique residences in the world, is known for being a museum. A unique palace inspired by Renaissance and Art Deco design and English and Mongolian styles, you will enjoy a view of Jodhpur on the garden terraces while sipping your afternoon tea.
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14. Prague Castle (Prague – Czech Republic)
Prague Castle, which was named the Guinness Book of World Records in gold letters when it was selected as the World’s Largest Ancient Castle, is also one of the largest castles in the world. St. Vitus Cathedral, the most important building of Prague Castle, can be reached easily by tram or metro.
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15. Petergof Palace (St. Petersburg – Russia)
The Petergof Palace is a complex consisting of a series of palaces and gardens built by Petro I. in the town of Petergof in Sankt-Peterburg, Russia. Petergof Palace, the capital of fountains, considered the Versailles of Russia, was added to the World Heritage List by UNESCO.
Outside the Petergof Grand Palace, the construction of this palace complex, which includes the Lower Garden, Upper Garden, the Samson Fountain, the Monplaisir Palace, the Marli Palace, and the Hermitage, with black and white stones such as checkers on the ground, will be descended from the town of Kronstadt on the island of Kotlin during the Great Northern War. started to be a place.