Basic Information About Germany
Germany, whose real name is the Federal Republic of Germany, is a large country with a surface area of 357 thousand square meters. It is the second most popular immigration destination in the world after the United States.
Germany’s Capital, Cities and Regions
Germany, a country where many small and neighboring kingdoms existed for many years, consists of 16 federal components. These federal states, Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Berlin, Brandenburg……
Where is Germany?
The northern neighbor of Germany, which spreads to Western and Central Europe, is Denmark, its eastern neighbors are Poland and the Czech Republic. Austria is located in the southeast and Switzerland in the southwest. To the west are France, Luxembourg and Belgium. To the northwest is the Netherlands. It has a coast to the North Sea and the Baltic Sea.
Languages Spoken in Germany
The official language of Germany is German. But every region in the country has its own dialectic. Almost all of the young population in Germany can speak English like their mother tongue. Among the elderly population, the rate of those who speak Russian is higher. In addition, Spanish and French are also spoken as foreign languages in the country.
Religion and Faith in Germany
Christians make up the majority of the population in Germany. Protestants are more intense in the Christian population. Catholics follow this. In addition, Islam and Judaism are also common in the country where people from many different nationalities live.
A Brief History of Germany
Since the 10th century, German land, an important component of the Holy Roman Empire, was ruled as independent kingdoms. In the 16th century, the northern kingdoms became the center of the Reform, the process of Christian church separation.
With the rise of the Pan-Germanism movement and intense nationalist feelings dominated the masses, he founded the German Empire in 1871, led by the Prussian Kingdom in the north, by establishing the German national unity. Germany, one of the important powers of both world wars, was divided into two parts: East and West after the Second World War. In 1990, the Federal Republic of Germany was established with the merger of the two sides.
When to Visit Germany?
The best time to visit Germany is during the spring and summer months when temperatures start to rise. In Germany, which receives uniform rainfall throughout the year, there are northern regions where precipitation increases in summer. Spring and autumn are more suitable for these regions. The eastern regions are less rainy than the west and the north.
Climate and Weather in Germany
The humid climate is dominant in most regions of Germany. The view that is open to humid western winds has softened the climate. Located between Central Europe subject to land climate and western Europe subject to ocean climate, Germany partially takes Gulf Stream, which softens the climate of England. Germany, which has no rainy season, is humid even if it is cold and the summers are warm. Occasionally, temperatures can exceed 30 degrees. The characteristics of land climate in the east are somewhat more dominant.
Economy of Germany
Germany is an important economic power and is the fourth largest economy in the world in terms of per capita gross domestic product. As a global leader in many industrial and high-tech industries, Germany is the world’s third-largest importer and exporter.
Germany is among the most developed countries with high living standards. There is a very advanced social security and national health system. In Germany, which has a social market economy, the service sector accounts for 71 percent of the gross domestic product per capita, and 28 percent of the gross domestic product per capita of the industry.
The multicultural structure of Germany has paved the way for the formation of a society with high tolerance. Germans, a perfectionist society, attach great importance to order, privacy and punctuality. Handshake culture is important for Germans. They consider it rude to have the other hand in the pocket while shaking hands and to put the hands in the pocket while talking to a person. It is important to go somewhere on time in terms of social label. They can warn you if you do not put your rubbish in recycling bins on the street in Germany, which attaches great importance to environmental protection.
German cuisine continued its development for centuries under the influence of social and political changes from region to region. Therefore, it shows local diversity. In addition, the materials used in the country’s cuisine vary according to the states. However, the features of German cuisine that cannot be attributed to the whole nation are also absent.
The first thing that comes to mind when it comes to German cuisine is of course sausage. If the Berliner sausage produced from pork does not suit your taste, you can choose beef sausages given Frankfurtera.Potatoes are also an indispensable ingredient of German dishes. Potatoes are frequently used in both meals and as a side dish. Currywurst is one of the famous dishes of sausage and potatoes.
The first drink that comes to mind when it comes to Germany is beer. In addition to the classic barley beer, there is also WeissBier, which means White Beer in Turkish and made of wheat. Since the distillation technique is different, the taste of these beers, which have a more misty and ”dirty” appearance, is completely different.
German cuisine is highly developed in terms of pastry and bakery. Desserts of Germany, where you can taste the most special breads of the world, are also famous. Black Forest Cake is the main one among these desserts that you must absolutely taste.
Festivals of Germany
There are more than 10,000 festivals throughout Germany where music, film, art and religious days are celebrated. In addition to the festivals, numerous fairs called Messe and many of them are the leaders of their industry are held annually especially in the fair city of Germany, Frankfurt. The Frankfurt Book Fair, held in October, among them is the most important event, which Turkey is a participant. Even though Muzikmesse, where music technologies are introduced in April, it hosts thousands of people every year. The most important fairs outside Frankfurt are Hannover Messe, held in September, where the world of industrial automation meets, and Leipzig Book Fair, held in March.
The most important festival celebrated throughout the year is the Berlin Film Festival, but the Germans call Berlinale. It is held every year in February since 1978.The most important music festivals in Germany are Rock am Ring and Rock im Park. Rock am Ring is held in Mendig every year in June, and Rock im Park is held in Nuremberg in the same month.
Gift Items to be purchased from Germany
Germany is full of countless types of gifts that you can bring to your loved ones. Of course, the most famous gift is pork and beef deli products. You can also make beautiful gift baskets to your loved ones from countless varieties of German beers.
Since Germany is a federal republic and under this federal structure there are structures that were ruled as independent kingdoms until the end of the 19th century, each region has a emblem that represents it. You can see that these badges are used on various souvenirs. These will also create nice options.You can also find many different gifts from the gift shops of countless museums in Germany.
Holidays / Holidays / Important Days in Germany
- New Year (January 1)
- Easter Monday (28 March)
- Labor Day (May 1)
- Rise Day (May 5)
- Whit Monday (May 16)
- National Unity Day (3 October)
- Christmas (December 25)
- Boxing Day (December 26)