Berlin is one of the most important examples of how a modern city should be with its transportation, infrastructure, rich historical and cultural diversity. We have brought together free travel destinations in Berlin, which will give you an idea of German history, allow you to follow the traces of the war, and give you the opportunity to get to know this city of ashes.Here are the places you can visit for free in Berlin;
The Brandenburg Gate, one of the most beautiful examples of German classicism, is one of the most iconic places in Germany and a symbolic structure that is the scene of many important events.During the Cold War, Ronald Reagan’s Brandenburg Gate meant “Gorbachev! Come to this door, open the door! We will tear down this wall! ” He said. With the end of the Cold War in 1989, the Brandenburg Gate was opened, and the fall of the Berlin Wall became a symbol of unity and solidarity of Germany.
Above the door is a magnificent Quadriga, depicted in Greek mythology as “cars of the gods.” Taken to Paris after Napoleon invaded Prussia, Quadriga was brought back to Berlin when Prussia triumphed over Napoleon. During your visit to Berlin, you can pass through the Brandenburg Gate free of charge, which means that during the cold war years, the feeling of peace, unity and solidarity can be felt.
Built in 1894, the Reichstag is the parliament building of the German Empire. The building, which was the scene of the most important events in German history, was actively used until Hitler came to power. During the Hitler period, propaganda sessions were held and in 1933, the Reichstag became unusable for a long time. After the reunification of Germany, it started to serve as a parlemanto building in 1999 with restoration works.
The most striking feature of the building, which is called environmentally friendly nedeniyle due to its geothermal properties, is its glass dome with 360-degree views of Berlin. With a free visit to the Reichstag, you can make a short introduction to German history and watch Berlin from its glass dome.
The Holocaust Memorial, located next to the Brandenburg Gate, is a five-acre site of 2,700 monuments erected in memory of 6 million Jews killed. Each of the concrete blocks designed by architect Peter Eisenman has a passage from the Talmud. When you start wandering between blocks, you feel yourself in a maze.You can find detailed information about the genocide in the museum under the monumental tomb area, and you can immerse yourself in the painful stories in the letters on display.
The Berlin Wall, built in 1961, served as a set that divides Germany in 28 years. The wall was erected in 1989 to prevent East Germans from escaping to West Germany after the Second World War. It is still possible to see the ruins of the Berlin Wall, known as the ‘Wall of Shame’ in the city. After the collapse, the pieces reached all over the world for the sake of souvenir. The line, where the wall is located, can be traced through the streets and streets.
Central Park for New Yorkers, Hyde Park for Londoners, Tiergarten means the same for Berliners. Tiergarten with 210 hectares; Brandenburg is located in the city center, close to important buildings such as the Reichstag.
Today, the park area, which is the entertainment and recreation area of Berliners, includes the Bellevue Palace, the Prime Ministry Pavilion, the Berlin Victory Column, the Bismark Monument, the Soviet War Memorial, the House of World Cultures, the Beethoven-Hayden-Mozart Monument. Tiergarten is a great place for visitors to lie on the lawn, cycle, meet new people and practice some German.
6.KAISER WILHELM MEMORIAL CHURCH
The Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church was built in the 1890s in memory of Wilhelm I, but was damaged during the 1943 bomb attack. The tower, which still carries the traces of the war, is preserved in the same way as its bombing.
After the bombing of the church, another modern style church was built just in front of it. It was originally planned to demolish the old church, but after the new church was built as a result of discussions, the demolition of the old one was abandoned and preserved as a war memorial.
7.AN ISLAND OF MUSEUMS
Museum Island is located on the River Spree in Berlin’s Mitte district. Museum Island, which has an area of approximately 1 square kilometer, is included in the Unesco World Heritage list. The complex, which includes the Bode Museum, the Pergamon Museum, the Neues Museum, the Altes Museum and the German Historical Museum, includes Contemporary Fine Arts and the Berlin Cathedral. If you don’t mind spending some money, you can visit the museums on the museum island with a discount of almost 60 percent with a 3 day valid Museum pass Berlin – 3 days ticket.