The Great Pyramids of Giza, including the pyramid of Cheops, one of the 7 wonders of the world, have a story full of mystery, both with its history and what it contains. These three gigantic structures are named Keops, Khafre, and Mikerinos, and the largest pyramid among them is the Pyramid of Cheops.
The Pyramids of Giza, with its history stretching from the construction stage to the present, really contain incredible information. We wanted to take you on a mysterious journey by bringing together this mysterious information for you. If you wish, let’s take a look at the mysterious information of the Giza Pyramids without further ado.
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1. How were the Pyramids of Giza built?
There were no mechanical arms or different technological tools when the Giza Pyramids were being built. Therefore, manpower played a role in the construction of the Giza Pyramids. So how many people, how and in how long did they build these huge pyramids?
The Giza Pyramids are said to have taken more than 20 years to complete. However, the general opinion of historians was that 100,000 people worked in the construction of these pyramids, but this changed due to the different bodies found.
It is assumed that around 200,000 workers worked in the construction of the Giza Pyramids. It is thought that these workers completed the pyramids by carrying the stones on their backs or by pushing the stones using spiral ramps since they did not have any technological tools. So how much do these stones, which are thought to be carried or pushed by humans, weigh?
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2. A block of stone is incredibly heavy:
The stones that made up the Giza Pyramids were limestone. The weight of each of these limestones is approximately 2.5 tons. How were these stones put in place at a time when there was no mechanical machine and no help from technology?
It is unbelievable that 200,000 workers were able to build the Cheops Pyramid, the tallest structure in the world until the 19th century, without the support of any mechanical tool. When the bodies of the workers who built the pyramids were found, it was revealed that their spines were subjected to unimaginably great loads. This went down in history as a detail proving how hard the workers carrying the stones had to go through.
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3. Millions of stones were used for just one pyramid:
The oldest and largest pyramid among the Pyramids of Giza is the Pyramid of Cheops. Although this pyramid is 138.8 meters now, it was considered to be 146.7 meters when it was first built.
It is thought that approximately 2 million 360 thousand limestones were used to complete the Cheops Pyramid. According to the calculations made, the mass of the pyramid is thought to be 5.9 million tons.
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4. The Pyramid of Cheops has astonishing proportions:
The Pyramid of Cheops is a structure of proven proportions that amazes many. First of all, it is stated that all four sides of the base of the pyramid (ignoring the 58 mm difference) are equal to each other. This shows that the base forms an error-free square.
In addition, the original form of the pyramid was 280 cubits high and each side was 440 cubits long. It is stated that these ratios are equivalent to the Pi number when the 0.05% difference is ignored.
It seems very interesting that the ancient Egyptians came this close to finding the Pi number with precision. Many scientists state that the ancient Egyptians purposefully designed the pyramids in this way and achieved this ratio. Therefore, this information clearly reveals that the ancient Egyptians used the ratio 22/7, although they did not know the exact number of Pi.
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5. What was the purpose of the design of the Pyramids of Giza?
The design of the Pyramids of Giza was not stepped as it is now. According to the scientists, around the pyramids were carefully cut facing stones, which were placed on these stone blocks, which made the pyramid look smooth and gave the necessary slope to the surface of the structure.
As a result of the earthquakes that took place and the damages to the pyramid, the outer coverings were almost completely removed and the pyramid took its current form.
A few of these facing stones can still be seen near the foundations of the pyramids. This proves how carefully the pyramids were designed. The soft, curved edges of the pyramids were thus designed to symbolize the sun.
This was because the kings of Egypt were seen as divine beings and when they were buried in these pyramids, they could reach the sun god Ra and heaven faster.
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6. The connection between the Orion constellation and the Pyramids of Giza:
We talked about how the Giza Pyramids have incredible proportions, but there is one more piece of information that will make you give up. Belgian-born engineer and pyramid researcher Robert Bauval made an amazing discovery about the arrangement of the Giza Pyramids.
As a result of Robert Bauval’s research, the position of the stars Alnilam, Alnitak, and Mintaka, which are the belt stars of the Orion star, in the sky is the projection of the arrangement of the pyramids of Cheops, Khafre, and Merinos. These three pyramids, built one after the other, point to the Orion constellation.
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7. If the stones of the Giza Pyramids are lined up side by side, France is surrounded:
When all the stones of the Pyramids of Giza, each weighing 2.5 million tons, are placed side by side, all of France can be surrounded. The stones of all three pyramids are large enough to allow a 3-meter-high and 30-centimeter-thick wall to be built around France.
In addition, the Great Pyramid or the Pyramid of Cheops is large enough to contain many structures. Even if the cathedrals of St. Peter in Rome, Westminster and St. Paul in London are all placed side by side, the Pyramid of Cheops is large enough to fill the space occupied by all of these structures. The issue of how such a large structure can be built in the hands of people is still a subject of research that has not been definitively resolved.