Dance or Dance can be a tradition, an art, a form of therapy, or just a form of expression, in which the whole body can be exercised with the rhythm of music and aesthetics. Dance is one of the most important cultures that people cannot give up in common. So much so that Mankind has not stopped dancing since the day it stood up.
Over the centuries, dance has continually evolved and divided into different genres. Each species reflects its unique culture within a particular region. There are popular and special dances that have become famous around the world, especially in this regard. These dances are divided into different types within themselves.
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Waltz developed in the early 19th century by incorporating the local differences of the dance regions in Austria and Germany. The dance style practiced especially in the ‘Landlob der Enss’ region of Northern Austria became very popular, taking the name ‘Londler’.
The waltz reached wide audiences in Vienna in a short time and in England since 1812, with the influence of Johann Strauss’s music, and became the indispensable entertainment of balls by gaining the appreciation of the aristocracy. Today, Waltz takes place in the world of dance literature in two different rhythms and categories, ‘Vienna Waltz’ and ‘Modern Waltz’.
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Tango is a dance and music genre originating from Buenos Aires, Argentina, and Montevideo, Uruguay. With Tango, people have the chance to listen to what belongs to the other person while reflecting their own emphasis, own voice, and own rhythm. Tango is an excellent language and provides unmatched communication to anyone who learns it, with an endless array of options.
Tango is a dance created spontaneously and by the performer. Most of the time, it can be called a metaphorical expression of life. Tango is so natural that it is sometimes seen as a form of opposition to reality or a form of self-realization. Tango contains delirium, sadness, individuality, power, passion, love, unity, joy, sharing, tolerance, that is, many things about life.
Tango is the rebellion of today’s people, who have been imprisoned in the big city life that leaves no room for differences, choices, and possibilities, alienated from itself, even from its most basic, most established role and sexual identity. So tango is the dance of everyone, not those who have the ability to dance. Tango is the dance of the doer, not the watcher.
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3. Salsa Dance
Salsa is a genre of music and playing that is generally assumed to have Caribbean origins. This type of music, which was common only among people of South / Central American origin, has become popular in every corner of the world, especially after the 1980s.
Consisting of a mixture of several musical genres, Salsa is often used to describe different musical genres of Cuban origin. Maybe that’s why the Spanish word Salsa, meaning ‘sauce’, was appropriate for this genre.
There are different opinions about the origin of salsa. Although it is often claimed that salsa comes primarily from the ‘Last’ music of Cuba, some argue that it originated in a blend of musical styles seen in 1950s New York. In any case, the Caribbean influence in this musical genre is undeniable.
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4. Break Dance
The reason why the name of the dance is breakdance is that it moves in harmony with breakbeat, which is the basic element of hip hop music. Just like music, dance is influenced by movements such as Bebop, Soul-Train, and Funk and re-blends them. Of course, adding new things on top of these; It is certain that no one has tried the helicopter dance performed by turning over the head or the electric boogie performed by curling each other’s bodies before.
These difficult movements are, in a way, an expression of the domination of the young people who live in the ghetto and cannot take part in life much, over their own bodies. They were also instrumental in the spread of hip hop all over the world by taking to the streets and dancing.
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5. Rock ‘n’ Roll Dance
Rock’s Roll dance is a type of dance performed in accordance with the meaning of ‘rock and roll’. This dance, along with the music called Rock and Roll, was the most popular type of dance among young people in the 1950s. The most familiar move of the dance is when the man throws the woman into the air and then catches them again. The dance uses acrobatic movements. Today, it has become a competition dance performed mostly for show.
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Samba music and dance spread from Brazil to the world. It has its roots in African slaves. Its form, performed by Brazilians, is much more difficult than regular and highly formalized ballroom dancing. Men and women dance differently and together, but without touching. Women’s dance can be described as rapid, symmetrical foot movements, with each foot turning on the heel.
Along with these foot movements, a dance that moves the whole body is created by curling the hips and shoulders. Men take the same steps but are not accompanied by rapid hip and shoulder movements. The men dance around the women. Samba has unique rhythm music with strong drum rhythms, brought to life by Brazilian musical instruments such as tamborim, chocalho, reco-reco, and cabana.
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7. Charleston Dance
Charleston is a jazz dance that was extremely popular in the 1920s and has been revived frequently. It can be done alone, in pairs, or in groups. The basic foot figure consists of throwing the tips of the feet inward and the heels outward. Charleston, whose name can be found in 1903 records, is an African-American folk dance known in all southern states of the USA, especially in South Carolina, identified with the city of Charleston.
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8. Swing Dance
Swing began to develop towards the end of the 1920s and continued its influence until the mid-40s. The musicians of this period added a sense of comfort and a not very tight rhythm to their music and used the eighth note pattern. All these are important elements that characterize the feeling of swing.
Since most of the works of the period were performed by orchestras, the swing period can also be considered as the “golden age” of jazz orchestras. Due to its rhythmic structure, this music attracted the attention of many people who love dance and aroused great excitement.
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9. Twist Dance
The dance form called ‘touch’, which was popular before the ’60s, and famous for the couples touching each other has been replaced by the ‘twist’, which is hated by the adults and loved by the young people, creating a debate over whether it is dance or gymnastics since the beginning of the 60s. The ‘twist’ dance led by Chubby Checker was inspired by the movements performed while drying with a towel after the bath.
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10. Mazurka Dance
Mazurka is a kind of Polish folk dance and music native to the province of Mazuria. The melodies of this dance influenced all European music in the Romantic era. Mazurka, which emerged in the 16th century, remained a peasant dance, although it was adopted by the Polish Palace. It later reached the Russian and German ballrooms, and in the 1830s it reached England and France. It is usually done by one, four, or eight couples. There are more than fifty different dance steps. Chopin composed many mazurkas for piano.
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11. Oriental Dance
Humans trying to symbolize natural events with body movements; He used his belly, hips, and waist. He discovered how to vibrate the body to describe the earthquake, sudden hip thrusts to describe the storm and to wave the body from head to toe to describe the tornado. This is how the first seeds of the oriental were planted centuries ago.
In the Arabian peninsula, on the other hand, oriental emerged about two thousand years ago in an effort to tell the story of the birth of man. It was the woman who gave birth to a man; Therefore, it was women who talked about it. Pains experienced during pregnancy and bodies that contract and tremble during childbirth; embodied in the language of dance.
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12. Cha Cha Dance
Cha Cha, another member of the Cuban family dances, is also the most popular of the social Latin-American dances. For this reason, many movements of Cha Cha have similarities with Rumba Mambo movements. The name Cha Cha means ‘Chacha’ babysitter in Spanish. Cha Cha dance, like its music; is lively, glamorous, sarcastic, and with its exuberant rhythm offers rare entertainment that would be sought and enjoyed by all dancers around the world.
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13. Bachata Dance
Bachata is the name of music and dance of Dominican origin. It means ‘sad love song’ in its native language. It’s a mix of a bit of bolero and the more popular dance, the merengue. His main instrument is the guitar. The dance, which is based on footsteps, is currently attracting a lot of attention, especially in Europe.
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14. Rumba Dance
Rumba’s slow, heart-pounding rhythm and romantic music are key to its eternal and universal appeal. The dance itself symbolizes the self-confidence and power of the sensual and provocative Latino lover, who passionately tries to seduce his partner in the intensity of the rhythm.
However, in Rumba, the lady does not give in easily. With her flirty and coy manner, the female-first attracts the male and then refuses his request to get close, thus revealing her own sanction. If Tango is the dance of passion, then Rumba is undoubtedly the dance of love.
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15. Ballet Dance
Ballet can be defined as a theatrical performance in which dance, mimic, music, and decorative arts are combined at an advanced standard. The dance used as the main element is actually derived from the Italian word ‘ballo’ or ‘balletto’ meaning dance. Ballet, the brightest of the visual arts, is a magical world that adorns the dreams of little girls.
Ballet education is a disciplined, self-sacrificing, long process that lays the foundations for the development of perception, and is as colorful and enjoyable as possible. The instrument in ballet education is the ‘body’. For this reason, the harms of prescriptive and ostentatious education given without considering the anatomical structure of the child last a lifetime and most importantly, affect the intellectual and intellectual dimension of ballet and move away from its main purpose.
Finally, it should be noted that; No matter how long and difficult its education and process, ballet is an imaginary expression of emotions, aesthetics, and passions.
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16. Merengue Dance
Merengue is the local dance of the Dominican Republic, but it has also been influenced by the neighboring country of Haiti. There are two popular stories of the origin of the dance. According to the first story, this dance is about the behavior of chained slaves with the desire to move. The other story tells that this dance represents the actions of a hero who was shot in the leg during a revolution in the country, performed by his followers at a homecoming party by jumping and dragging one leg.
Originally, the Merengue is made in a circle, not in pairs. Quick foot movements and shrugging of the shoulders form the character of the dance. Merengue became especially popular in the mid-19th century.
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17. Flamenco Dance
Flamenco is a type of music and dance unique to, but not limited to, the Andalusia region of Southern Spain. Maybe we are fascinated by the beauty of the sadness contained in this mysterious music and dance that has been going on for centuries, this spiritual power that tells the state of people who do not want to leave their sadness and inspires the art of flamenco, and we are so influenced by the art of flamenco. The essence of flamenco is the song. Mostly guitar and improvised dance accompany the song.
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18. Sirtaki Dance
The Sirtaki Dance, which has become an integral part of today’s Greek culture, was born from the Hasapiko Argo dance performed in Istanbul during the Byzantine period. Sirtaki is the orphan of exile and immigrant dreams. It is the dance of black love, desperation, abandonment, and idleness.
But it is also the dance of hope, love, and enthusiasm. It is a simple and hearty dance; He is smiling and does not take the sacred things of life too seriously. In addition, Sirtaki can be called the dance of exile, lost loves, and inaccessible dreams.
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19. Paso Doble Dance
The term ‘Paso Doble‘ means ‘two steps’, hardly evoking the culture of dance. Just like in the Spanish bullfights, this dance, in which the man represents a matador and the woman represents a cape, has created a series of passions that will not disappear not only in their homeland of Spain and France but also all over the world.
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20. Dance Hall
The dance hall is a music genre that started to emerge in the 1970s, but it originated in Jamaica. In fact, we can understand from the information we have obtained that Roots Reggae is a sub-branch of the Reggae music genre in its origin, and if we go into a little more detail, there are types of Roots Reggae that do not contain political and religious themes.
Electronic musical instruments started later, after the 1980s. It is evident that they try to keep the emphasis on homosexuality, which they accept in their content, in the foreground.
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21. African Dance
African dance, also known colloquially as “Afro”, refers primarily to the dance of sub-Saharan Africa and more appropriately to African dances due to the many cultural differences in music and movement styles. These dances are followed in close connection with the traditions of Sub-Saharan African music and the Bantu rhythm building block.
Dances teach social patterns and values and assist people in their study, maturation, praise, or criticism while celebrating festivals and funerals, competing, reading history, proverbs, and poetry; and encountering the god’s African dances are largely participatory and the audience is part of the performance.
There are traditionally no barriers between dancers and spectators, with the exception of some spiritual, religious, or initiation dances. Even the ritual dances are often attended by the audience. All they want is communication and interaction. As it can be seen, they show this with their religious and political dances.